1. Is it necessary to vaccinate a pet? When is the best time to do this?
Yes, vaccination is necessary. Vaccinations will help protect the animal from very serious infectious diseases. Puppies are vaccinated for the first time at 6 weeks, the second at 8 weeks and the third at 12 weeks. If the risk of the disease is not high, the first vaccination can be given at 8 weeks and at 12 weeks can be revaccinated. The rules for vaccinating ferrets follow the same vaccination procedure as with dogs. Meanwhile, kittens need to be vaccinated for the first time at 3 months. and revaccinated at 4 months. age. It must be remembered that anthelmintics must be given before vaccination.
2. Does the animal need to be sterilized? When should this be done?
To prevent diseases related to the reproductive system, the pet should be sterilized at 6-9 months. age. Timely sterilization minimizes the risk of developing mammary or prostate tumors in the future.
3. What do you need to know before traveling abroad?
Pets must be identified: 1) subcutaneous microchip, or a clear tattoo if done before 2011. July 3rd; 2) animals must have rabies vaccination. The vaccine will take effect 21 days after. and not more than 364 days; (3) The owner of the animal must have an EU-approved Pet Passport (blue) containing information provided by a veterinarian on vaccination of the animal against rabies and other diseases (optional), other mandatory preventive measures against other diseases (eg echinococcosis) when traveling to certain countries of the European Union.
4. Do animals need to have their nails trimmed?
Nails should be trimmed for all animals. For smaller animals – more often (once a month), for larger – less often. When dog is standing, their nails should not touch the ground. Cats that do not go outside have their nails trimmed at least once a month. So do rabbits, but they sometimes need to have their teeth shortened too.
5. It seems to me that my dog has “too many” teeth.
Animals change their teeth at the age of 6-7 months. age. For larger breed dogs they fall out, smaller breed pets often need veterinary help. When a new / permanent tooth reaches half the length of the deciduous tooth, a veterinarian should be consulted. He will explain what to do. Teeth need to be cleaned, which is especially important for small breed dogs, as accumulated plaque develops gingivitis, teeth start to falter and can fall out.